Wrinkle Information.

All About Wrinkle Causes and Solutions:

Why do some people get wrinkles at a young age and others look smoother and younger than their actual age?

What are the mechanisms involved in the appearance of wrinkles?

These questions have kept scientists in the field of anti-aging occupied for many years.
Studies point to a variety of mechanisms; your skin's natural aging, various environmental factors like air pollution, air-conditioning at work and home and personal choices like smoking and nutrition but predominantly it is your exposure to the rays of the sun that is the major cause of skin ageing. These mechanisms influence the skin's structures— starting with the facial bones, through to the muscles that support the skin and ending with the skin itself and all of its layers.


Our Hormonal Process

The appearance of wrinkles on the skin is to some extent the result of hormonal and biochemical processes related to our age. For women, these processes become especially significant during menopause, when the ovaries gradually stop to produce the female sex hormones— estrogen and progesterone. A rapid decline in the levels of these hormones leads to a decrease in the secretion of sebum, subdermal fat and the ability of the skin to retain water plus there is a decline in the rate of production and changeover of the skin cells including the fibroblast cells in the dermis. As a result, the production of the collagen and the elastin also decreases, and simultaneously, the collagen fibers become denser due to the diminishing amount of the intercellular material that protects them. Moreover the fibroblast cells produce an increased amount of enzymes, which damage the collagen and the elastin. In a young and healthy skin, these enzymes are supervised by the skin's control mechanisms, but as the years pass, the effectiveness of these mechanisms declines, which causes an increased activity causing skin aging.

The Breakdown of the Dermis & Epidermal Junction

Another mechanism responsible for the appearance of wrinkles is related to the breakdown of the dermal-epidermal junction (DEJ). This layer, which connects the dermis and the epidermis, creates a sort of net that traps collagen fibers from the upper part of the dermis and from the epidermis affixes the keratinocytes (the dominant cells of this layer). In this manner, it ensures the structure between the epidermis and the dermis providing support for the epidermis. The wavy shape of DEJ guarantees an enlarged surface for the metabolism between the layers and the strengthening of the skins structure, but with time, the waves decrease and become flatter resulting in a loss of support, less nutrition and oxygen becoming thinner, sagging and wrinkled; regeneration significantly decreases.

The Decreased Amounts of Hyaluronic Acid (HA)
HA molecules are found within the skin. These molecules surround the skin cells and bind with water to provide the skin with hydration giving volume, softness and elasticity to the skin. An essential component for the prevention of wrinkles.

UV Radiation
This is the most significant cause of the appearance of wrinkles; exposure to the radiation of the sun. The free radicals caused by sun exposure are responsible for the damage caused to skin cells. These unstable and destructive molecules are naturally produced in our bodies all the time, however, various factors such as stress, air pollution, smoking and radiation (including the sun's ultra-violet radiation) increase their production. When the free radicals multiply, they become destructive, as their oxidation reaction causes changes and damage to all the layers of the skin, starting with the epidermis and ending with the dermis. One of the side effects of this damage is the early appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. Vitamin C is the strongest anti-oxidant, FREE RADICAL 'GOBBLER' available today.

Loss Of Facial Bone Mass

The hormonal and biochemical processes that take place with age also impacts on the facial bones. In the past it was customary to think that gravity was the central cause contributing to the appearance of wrinkles through sagging skin but recent studies show a more significant cause is the loss of facial bone mass which causes the loss of volume and  the skin receding. The decline of the bones mainly occurs in the center of the face, under the eyes and around the nose.

And Facial Expression Movements.

With time, these cumulative contractions, which cause the repetitive operation of the sub-dermal muscles, cause the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines that are called expression lines. The typical places for the appearance of these wrinkles are between the eyebrows, the forehead, the sides of the eyes and the sides of the mouth.

Now we know why we get wrinkles so now let's get to the good part of how to avoid and counteract wrinkles.


  1. Fillers & Injections of Botox to numb the muscles, Hyaluronic Acid which acts like a sort 'putty' that fills the wrinkles and with its water binding ability adds additional volume. (Restylane, Perlane & Juvederm) or Calcium Hydroxyapatite a viscous gel that 'seals' the wrinkle and encourages the self-production of collagen giving a continuous improvement and long lasting results.
  2. Deep Peels. There are two types of Deep Peels Phenol & Trichoroacetic Acid OR Laser Resurfacing. Both instigate the peeling of the skin down to the dermis stimulating collagen production. Both involve significate trauma to the skin, pain and recovery time.
  3. Medium and Superficial Peels with alpha and beta hydroxy acids. These treatments are based mainly on alpha and beta hydroxy acids in varying concentrations and ratios and are performed in a series of several treatments. They allow the achievement of impressive results in the rejuvenation of the skin and the treatment of wrinkles, without the risks, pain and side-effects that the deep peels involve. These acids are defined as one of the most effective components in anti-aging treatments. The beta hydroxy acid accelerate the peeling of the skin on the stratum corneum (the outer layer of the epidermis consisting of dead skin cells) and help create a chain of reactions in the dermis layer that encourages the production of collagen and elastin. The alpha hydroxy acids succeeds in penetrating the deepest layers of the epidermis, dissolving the 'glue' that traps the cells in the skins pores and thus increases the production of the new plump cells. It has been found that a consistent use of products which contain these acids improves the texture of the skin and leads to the reduction in the depth of the wrinkles.
  4. Effective Cosmetic Ingredients: Studies have been published proving it is possible to achieve a significant improvement in the treatment of wrinkles through components that encourage the natural repair and rehabilitation mechanisms existing in the skin to revitalize and create a lifting and firming effect, increasing the volume and the level of moisture in the skin:
  • Alpha and Beta Hydroxy Acids: Aid in the peeling of the skin deep & surface.
  • Retinoic Acid (Vitamin A): Regarded as the most anti-aging ingredient today; accelerates the production of collagen, simultaneously slowing the disintegration of the collagen & elastin fibers and thickening the dermis.
  • Peptides: The building blocks of protein.
  • Amino Acids: Molecules to support & repair tissues.
  • Hyaluronic Acid: Water binding molecules that surround the cells hydrating and increasing collagen synthesis.
  • Phytosterols: Plant components used to help produce healthy cells.
  • Phytoestrogens: Plant components resembling the estrogen hormone.
  • Vitamin E: Healing
  • Vitamin C: The strongest of all anti-oxidants.

Visit us at escape, Kings Park and start your anti-aging treatments and products now…..
Enjoy a complimentary skin consultation this May and find out how we can help you with your skin concerns:

Call Jennifer on 9322 2477.